Mestia to Ushguli via Tsvirmi

The alternative of the most popular Georgian trek, by mine opinion even better than standard route.


The alternative of the most popular Georgian trek, which is by mine opinion even better than a standard hike via Zhabeshi. This one climbs onto Zuruldi massif, descends to Tsvirmi village and then follows a new road leading to Tetnuldi ski resort, where it joins the classic trail to Ushguli.
The main advantage of this variant is much better scenery on the first day. A disadvantage is a bit dull start of the day Two. But overall, this is the marvelous trail and I don't understand why more people don't take it.

Duration: 4 days

The fast walker with a tent could finish this trek in three days, but it's better to split it into four days to be able to sleep in the villages.

Difficulty: Moderate

Accommodation:

The tent is not necessary; it´s possible to spend nights in guesthouses. Also, you also don´t have to worry about food too much - they serve breakfasts and dinners and can also prepare a lunchbox.
People often ask me if it's necessary to book accommodation in advance. The answer is - if you are trekking in July or August and have no camping gear, you should. The easiest way to book is to ask guesthouse owner in your first village (usually Mestia) to make the booking for you, they have the necessary contacts.


    Download files

When to go:

Trek is usually doable from early June till late October. Each period has its pros and cons. In June, one can enjoy beautiful green meadows with blooming flowers, but there is a reason why everything is green and it has something to do with rain. In October, you can admire colorful autumn foliage, but days are already much shorter and colder.
The best time to visit is during July and August. Actually, the same rule applies to most Georgian treks. Early September can also be pleasant and free of crowds.

Which way to hike:

Most people start from Mestia to Ushguli because Ushguli is a great place to finish the trek - and it's always more fun to hike somewhere where you haven't been yet than drive to Ushguli and then return on foot.
Also, it's easier to cross the dangerous stream beyond Adishi which should be done in the morning, when the water level is lower. The only disadvantage is that while in Mestia you can always find a driver, Ushguli is much smaller village so leaving it will be more difficult.

From Zugdidi: Marshrutkas to Mestia leave from Zugdidi train station every day. The first one departs around 6:30 a.m, after the arrival of the night train from Tbilisi, but there should be several others before noon. The last one usually departs at 14:30. The trip takes about 3-4 hours (1-hour break included) and the price is usually 20 GEL per person.

From Tbilisi: In my opinion, the best option is the night train to Zugdidi and marshrutka from there. Train departs from Tbilisi at 21:45 and reaches Zugdidi at 6:05 am. Price of the ticket is 30 GEL, tickets for sleeper berths can be bought in advance at biletebi.ge website (the official web is railway.ge, but that never worked for me).
If you want to save time, you could also consider a flight - there are 4 flights a week from Natakhtari airport near Tbilisi, operated by VanillaSky company . You would see Caucasus from a completely different perspective and for 65 GEL it´s quite a bargain. On the downside, they ocassionally get canceled because of the weather and during the summer, you should book at least month in advance since they get booked up pretty fast. For more info, pls check this excellent post about the flight (covers also flight from Kutaisi).
The last option is the direct marshrutka - it departs at 6:00 from the area in front of Railway Station, come at least 30 minutes earlier to catch a spot. The price is 30 GEL, so it´s quite cheap, but I can´t recommned it since this uncomfortable journey takes grueling 9-10 hours.

From Kutaisi: Here it greatly matters if you need to get to Mestia from the city or directly from the airport. If the second case, the most reliable way is the use the service of Georgian bus (they have a stand at the airport) - the price is 40 GEL per person. You ask also ask some taxi drivers loitering at the arrivals hall, they may be willing to give you even a better price.
City marshrutkas depart in the morning from the main bus station, tucked behind McDonald. Tickets are bought at the small window nearby and cost 25 lari. The first one leaves once it gets full - to catch it, better get to the station between 8:15 - 8:30, at nine o´clock, it might be already gone. Luckily, there is also the second one which leaves 1 hour later (if it doesn´t get full earlier).

From Batumi: Marshrutka is the only option, it departs from the main bus station. Since you will have switch the bus in Zugdidi (you may have to wait for several hours there), this ride takes a better part of the day. The first bus departs at 8:00 am, then there should be another one at 9:30 am.

If you need to return to Mestia, your best bet will be minivans making day trips to Ushguli. They are not always full and not all travelers want to go back on the same day, so there is a decent chance they will have a few empty seats on the return trip. They usually arrive at 10 or 11 am. and depart back towards Mestia around 3 pm. I recommend you to wait for their arrival and immediately arrange everything with the driver. Fair price for the trip could be 10-20 GEL (as the return trip costs 30 GEL). If you don't want to wait and decide to hire a whole car, it will cost you about 200 GEL. And, as always, there is the option of walking back and trying to hitchhike.
If you want to prolong your trek, you can cross into Lower Svaneti on foot via Latpari pass or Zagar pass.


Description of the route

Trail parameters

Distance 68,7 km
Trail type: AB trip
Max. elevation: 2759m
Min. elevation: 1385m
Total climb: 4535m
Total descent: 3761m

Day 1: Mestia - Tsvirmi
distance 20.km, 1484m and 1020m

Before I start, I need to stress one thing. The description here explains the walking route. However, there is a new cablecar which will take you from the edge of Mestia right to the top of Zuruldi ridge - this way, you will skip the harder and less scenic half of the hike - ideal if you reach Mestia before noon and want to start trekking right away. I am sure that most of the hikers will take a cable car (it costs 10 GEL) and there is nothing wrong about it, this "purists" route is here only for the sake of completeness (and for the times when the cablecar is under maintenance, which happens surprisingly often during the high season). OK, and now let's get back to the purely walking route.

The trail starts at Seti Square. Leave it by a street heading to the southeast, after 200 meters cross the bridge and turn right. Cross another bridge and walk by a museum. Main road here bends to the east - follow it, pass few more houses and leave the village.

After some 300 meter, turn right onto the road leading to the new cable car. Pass the new station and enter the forest - then follow the new road through until you reach a concrete road. Turn right and follow it for half an hour, until you come to the intersection where it sharply bends to the east and dirt road continues in the original direction. If you changed your mind want to take a cable car after all, follow a concrete road and it will lead you to the middle Hatsvali station.

If you prefer walking, leave the concrete road and continue on the dirt road in the direction of Ieli village, there is also a pointer. Soon you will come to the almost abandoned Heshkili village.

Here comes the tricky part. Near the first house in the village (the one on the photo) you need to turn left, onto the dirt track climbing uphill.

Just to make it clear - if you don't turn left at Heshkili and stay on the main road, it will descend to Inguri valley and lead you to Tsvirmi village even more comfortably. However, this route is not so scenic, so I prefer the higher trail. Still, this lower route is also the valid options, especially if the weather is not so good.

But enough about the easier route. Follow the ascending track from Heshkili all the way to the upper station of the cable car - it's quite a steep climb as you will have to overcome 400 meters of elevation. This is the place you can easily reach from Mestia if you use the cable car.

From the cable car, head to the east. Walk between trees, cross the small meadow and you will come to a bigger dirt road. This road will take you all the way to Mentashi transmitter, which is already visible to the east. There is only one crossroad halfway to the transmitter in front of a small hill - if you take left branch, you will climb to the nameless transmitter (limited views), if you take the right one, the trail will bypass the mount. No matter which path you choose, both will merge again and you will have to climb 100 height meters to another transmitter. Mentashi hill offers breathtaking views in all directions and is a great place for a break.

Then we continue eastwards. Descent from Mentashi is a bit tricky as the terrain is very steep and the path not always visible (to put it mildly). Some people prefer to circumvent whole Mentashi hill from the right side, especially in bad weather.

You need to make it to the meadow in the northeastern direction. Once there, find a small path heading northeast. Follow it. You will cross several other pastures and belts of trees and after amazing two kilometers, you will come to a spot where the trail turns north and dives into the forest. From here its supposed to continue to Mulakhi village. Tke first section is OK, but further stages are in a poor condition so I don't recommend it. But if you have time, you can make a small side trip - after first 300 meters, there is a meadow with nice views of Mt. Ushba.

In case you want to go directly to Tsvirmi keep walking east. Follow the grassy path between trees - on your left will be a dense forest, on the slope below you a small group of trees. Once you walk pass this grove, turn right and descend some 50 meters. You will find a path, which soon turns into regular dirt road - too narrow for a car, but wide enough for a cart. This road will take you all the way to Tsvirmi.

Tsvirmi is a lovely small village, barely touched by tourism. Still, you can find there an accommodation - you will stumble upon a guesthouse soon after you enter the village.

Day 2: Tsvirmi - Adishi distance 17km, 1273m and 1055m

In the morning head to the center of the village, where you will find tourist marker. From here we set off in the direction of Zhabeshi. Just follow the road heading north and after two kilometers it will join the main road from Mestia to Ushguli at Ughviri pass.

Turn right and almost immediately, after fifty meters turn left onto the new road heading to Tetnuldi Ski Resort. You will need to follow it to the resort and then leave it in the direction of Adishi.

Where exactly, that's up to you. After some 8km, roughly at 2500m altitude, a marked trail (Hadiish) branches off to the south-east. The path crosses open areas with nice views and wildflowers and then slowly descends into the forest. At some point, before crossing a stream, there is a small cabin in a meadow. Contrary to what's indicated in the maps of the tourist information, you don't get any food or drinks there, but it's still a nice place for a break (and shelter in case of rain). Less then an hour later, you reach Adishi. The village is hidden below the slope and you will see it at the last possible moment.

If you want even better views and don't mind climbing another 200m higher in the skiing area, you can also, instead of taking the direct trail to Adishi/Hadiish, continue in the skiing area in the direction of Tetnuldi until the road sharply bends to the left at around 2700m altitude. There, a trail branches off to the south-east. It stays on open grasslands and passes a small lake before turning south to go down to Adishi. Here is the GPS log from this trail
It should also be noted that since the start of construction of ski resort, the upper trail to Adishi is slowly falling into disrepair as more and more people are using the lower path (they want to get away from the new road as soon as possible).

Day 3: Adishi - Iprali distance 18.8km, 860m and 1091m

Another day and another tricky part in the morning - fording of the Adishi river. During the main season, when many hikers leave Adishi to Iprali, you can expect somebody with a horse waiting at the crossing to shuttle you across the river. Outside the high season or if there are few hikers, it is good to ask around in the village about the water level and hire a horse if necessary - several locals offer this service.
Leave the village by a path heading by the river to the east, to the foot of Adishi glacier. After one hour the path ends in a river - you will have to ford it. In the morning, the water level tends to be lower. You can cross in the deep, but the short section where the horses cross, or a little bit further towards the glacier, where the river branches out into several not so deep streams. The water is very cold. Wear hiking sandals and use hiking sticks. But don't take any unnecessary risk and use a horse if you don't feel confident.
Behind the river, the path appears again. After 2 hours of climbing, you should make it to the Chkhunderi pass (2655m) - it offers great views of surrounding mountains and the Adishi glacier. If the weather is nice, you can leave your backpack at the pass and walk along the ridge north-east towards the glacier for even better views. From the Chkhunderi pass, the trail heads straight down into the opposite valley. Down in the valley, you will find a couple of huts which can provide shelter in case of rain. Turn right, the trail to Iprali which follows the Khaldechala river is mostly downhill and quite obvious. To Iprali, it should take another 2 hours of walking. About halfway lies the ruined Khalde village, razed by the Russian army in 1876. Only one family lives there, running a guesthouse which is a decent place for an afternoon beer. Or even for the spending of the night if you want to try the new, more scenic route to Ushguli - crossing the Southern Karetta pass. Just one advice - if you want to try this route, after the descent from Chkhunderi pass check its initial section - walk about 100m to the northeast, deeper into the valley, then leave the road and head to the river. There is a marshy meadow and an old bridge which must be crossed - confirm that both are passable so you won't risk the major backtracking on day 4.

Day 4: Iprali - Ushguli distance 12.3km, 930m and 603m

Nowadays, most of the people trying to get to Ushguli hire a car or walk on the main road. It's a pity because that road is quite busy and lined by electricity poles.
Luckily, there is an alternative, much more interesting route. How to find it? Leave Iprali village and follow the main road for about 1,5km, till you reach the Davberi village - to get there you need to cross a wooden bridge. There is a signpost showing you the way to Ushguli. You need then to go up to the village and keep to the left until you reach a gate where somebody wrote "Ushguli trail".
There are two occasions where one can get lost. After climbing up the hill and going on a bit the way splits. You need to take the path to the right which is not so steep; the other way leads up the mountain. Then after something like two kilometers you have to cross two small rivers. After the second one, the path splits in the forest and you have to take the way up. I suspect that the other way is the way down to the road.
The marking is sparse, but most of the time you can see barely visible remains of the sledge track so you shouldn't get lost. Trail constantly hovers about the elevation of 2000m and 2km before the Ushguli village merges again with the main road.
You should arrive at Ushguli in time to catch shared taxis which take daytrippers back to Mestia (and manage a short walk around the village). However, if you have an extra day, it's much better to spend a night here as the best views of Shkhara are in usually in the morning (as on the photo below). You can use the extra time to climb to the tower above the village or for the walk to the Shkhara glacier.

Thanks to Břetislav for his cool photo of Adishi glacier. Other photos were provided by Oriol Girona, Josef Formanek, Jozef Strezenec and me.
And the last, but not least - 4 photos were provided by Jordan Atkins. More of his photos of Svaneti can be found at his web Inspired by Maps.




Mentashi transmitter with Tetnuldi in the background Adishi glacier Hatsvali cable car Inguri valley from Zuruldi massif Heshkili View from Mentashi hill Path to Tsvirmi Looking back on Mentashi hill Looking back from trail above Zhabeshi View from the road to Tetnuldi resort Ushba again Construction works on the Tetnuldi Lower trail to Adishi Upper trail to Adishi On the trail to Adishi Adishi village House in Adishi Upper Adischala valley Adischala river and the glacier Crossing of Adischala river Panorama of Adischala valley Adischala valley from Chkhunderi pass Khaldechala valley On the meadows above the road to Ushguli Ushguli Ushguli village elevation
Back to top